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Cognitive Development

Cognitive development refers to the process of acquiring and refining the mental processes used in thinking, problem-solving, decision-making, understanding, learning, communicating and remembering. This process involves a range of cognitive skills such as critical thinking, reasoning, logical thinking and problem-solving skills.

It also covers the understanding of language and communication. Cognitive development in children begins at birth but continues throughout life usually based on experience. Parents can encourage their child's intellectual growth by introducing activities that stimulate his or her mind. Such activities should be tailored to the specific developmental stage of the child.

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