Why do we need to rethink teaching and learning INSET days and how do we promote teacher professional development?
INSET days need to change
It is high time to reimagine what has been accepted in education for far too long. This especially includes the beloved Inset Days or service training days...
Usually fixed term dates in the school calendar, Inset days are scarcely held opportunities for school staff to “engage in professional development”. However, ironically, the structure and format of these “learning opportunities” for teachers seem to be a shining example of what not to do in the classroom. The PowerPoint presentations are outdated, the session is mostly made up of lecturing with little to no time built in for collaboration or meaningful conversations, and the allowance for processing and planning time is limited at best. While venting about Inset Days arguably has its worth, better use of time is presenting and implementing a solution to the problem. Usually, at the beginning or end of the school term, school inset days inevitably involve school closures. When teachers return to school after the holiday dates, the last thing they would want to be subjected to is a barrage of information from school leaders.
In recent times, there has been a shift in school to school support. This type of teacher training can be effective as the solutions are often coming from institutions in similar positions. However, each individual school has its own individual needs, it's not a one size fits all. Academy schools and community and voluntary-controlled schools typically deliver staff training on fixed days within their term dates calendar. Whether it be in the Autumn term, spring term or summer term, the distribution of INSET is typically scheduled at the beginning of term. This humorous post by Sarah Mullin provides an honest appraisal on the realities of an Inset day and walks you through a new avenue for teachers to develop their classroom practice.
Problems with INSET days
School leaders have a responsibility to move the learning on not just for their students but their colleagues too. CPD is an activity within school that often gets overlooked or put at the bottom of the pile of the things to do list. An inset day usually involves the closing of schools which means for some, an unwelcome disruption to school life. In recent years we have seen more teach coaching and other professional development choices for teachers. Overall, the development of teacher training has remained fairly stagnant. After the early careers framework, school systems are free to support their staff as they see fit. Professional learning activities requires dedication from teachers who are more often not pushed for time. Unless teacher coaching and action research can be seamlessly built into the day-to-day running of a school then institutions run the risk of leaving their staff to fall behind. Being in a classroom for the majority of your time does provide hands-on learning opportunities. Educators have the perfect opportunity to implement active learning strategies and measure their impact. This form of CPD enables teaching staff to improve their pedagogical skills in meaningful ways. With a traditional inset activity, professional knowledge is positioned as 'one size fits all' and more often than not doesn't provide staff with time to practice their new pedagogical skills. To make to make a confession learning experience worthwhile, teachers need to have adequate resources and a company with an excellent training experience.
An alternative to teacher Inset days?
Paul Main and the team at Structural Learning have been re-imagining inset days and have developed a well-received method for these professional development opportunities for teachers. Their method, called the Professional Practice Program, is based on the school development plan. This continuing professional development (CPD) program is based on three simple stages: explore, design, and change. Each of these three stages is then broken into two actions for teachers to complete.
The Explore stage consists of understanding and defining. First, school staff unravel the learning challenges their students are experiencing in order to understand the root of the problem. This provides a rich topic for discussion. Then, teachers will clearly define the issue and explore any research that has been done on it. The explore stage is similar to the beginning of an experiment, where scientists have made an observation and look to see what others in their community are saying about this topic.
Next is the Design stage. This stage consists of ideating and experimenting. In order to ideate, teachers are essentially forming a hypothesis or a guess about what they think might work in their classroom to solve the problem they defined. In order to experiment, teachers implement their ideations, make observations, and complete iterations. In other words – try it, watch it, try it again. We always turn to an evidence base of materials to make sure our ideas are grounded by research, you can have a look through some of these materials here.
The final stage is the Change stage. This stage consists of reflecting and implementing. When reflecting, which is second nature to most educators, teachers will be considering what they have learned based on their experimentation and what it could mean for their practice as a whole. Finally, teachers will implement by bringing all the pieces of this process together into one documented final solution that they will then bring into their classroom as a regular part of their practice. Taking excellent ideas and moving them into classroom habits is part of the biggest challenge. The research into practice program is as much an experience for the students as it is for teaching staff.
What Makes This Process Different to traditional INSET days?
All too often, teachers are presented with strategies and tools that are demonstrated for them, and then they are told to take it back to their classroom without any follow up. Our professional practice Program seeks to intentionally disrupt this cycle of passive learning for teachers. We want teachers to feel comfortable experimenting and re-iterating possible solutions in their classrooms. Furthermore, we want teachers to become highly skilled at this process of exploring, designing, and changing their professional practices for the benefit of their students.
Rather than just telling teachers to try things out until they find something that works, we support teachers in developing a meaningful solution that is based on research and cognitive science. Then, we support teachers throughout the process of trying the solutions they have developed and tracking and analysing data to determine whether or not their solution is working. Then, we support teachers as they finalise their solution and ensure that it is a regularly integrated part of their classroom practice that can be shared with other educators because it is evidence-based.
We strongly believe that teachers are some of the most creative problem-solvers out there, and have built our approach to capitalise on this quality. Rather than providing an antiquated set of steps that claim to guarantee some sort of ideal outcome in the classroom, we have sought to support teachers in designing practical, logical, and implementable educational change that works for their classroom.
Inset Mindset Shift
We invest in our teachers, and in doing so, we have consistently seen a notable mindset shift among the educators who participate in our Professional Practice Program. While traditional inset Days tend to breed feelings of resentment and lead to teachers shutting down and participating to the bare minimum extent, our program has shown markedly different and positive results among our participants. We have consistently noticed six shifts within our participants: a newfound openness to sharing, measurable learning and collaborating, an optimism that seeks out positive opportunities during challenging times, a new vantage point through the lens of cognitive science, bravery to explore and experiment with new and unfamiliar strategies; and a willingness to understand the ‘why’ behind the ‘what’.
We believe that the above mindset shifts are the result of our efforts to move away from the development of professional learning communities or professional learning discussions. We seek to introduce and practice professional learning activities with our participating educators that are centred around the task of problem-solving. Oftentimes teachers are steered away from identifying problems within their classrooms. They are told to have a more positive outlook, to give the benefit of the doubt, and to speak on solutions only. However, the fact of the matter is that there will always be challenges in any given classroom. Challenges can only be overcome when they are recognised and seen for what they are as well as the effect they have. Our approach allows for honest conversations that lead to solutions through experimentation that is born from the brains of teachers themselves. When teachers are treated like the experts they are within their classrooms, rather than as the students of someone who has never been in their classroom, mindset shifts are inevitable.
Dropping INSET days for the Professional Practice Program
Each session will begin with the introduction and discussion of a new idea within the domain of cognition and learning. Understanding how the mind works is always a lucrative starting point for discussion amongst educators and can be adapted to any classroom since it is research-based fact.
After the introduction, the session will jump into one of the three stages of the program, depending on where the group is within the process. The Explore Stage is focused on identifying learner needs in each teacher’s classroom. There is not meant to be a group consensus here, as each teacher could be experiencing different challenges. Once learner needs are identified, recent research is consulted for the purpose of building an effective research project. Consulting the research that has been done can either confirm or refute assumptions, and will aid in the design of an effective classroom experiment.
The second stage is the Design Stage. The first part of this stage is ensuring that each educator knows exactly what they are going to do in their classroom. We aid our participants in breaking down their research projects into manageable, realistic, and clearly actionable steps. Without this critical first part of the stage, our teachers’ experimentation would quickly become overwhelming. Given an overarching classroom research project without smaller daily steps to take, it becomes difficult to effectively implement and track all at once. It is our mission that every teacher has a clear path forward to implement their ideas little by little while tracking the progress of this gradual implementation in a meaningful and logical way. In this stage, we provide tools for teachers to measure behaviours and outcomes so that as they look at the effect of their chosen interventions, they have a deeper understanding of whether or not these interventions are productive. Finally, we continue to incorporate cognitive science in this stage by looking at the data gathered through multiple cognitive lenses in order to get a robust understanding of the results.
The third and final stage of the program is the Change Stage, so named because it is meant to define the necessary change in each teacher’s classroom based on the results of their experiment. This stage can be thought of as the conclusion to the experiment. This should be a fairly succinct explanation of the change that needs to be made to meet the defined learner needs.
Inset vs Action Research?
Throughout our session introductions and three stages of our program, we seek to cover eight research areas with our participants. We believe this leads to more thorough and sustainable results for our participants. The eight areas are as follows:
1. Introduction to facilitating classroom-based research
2. Designing a classroom experiment
3. Gathering background research
4. Deciding on a focus
5. Collecting data
6. Collating data
7. Making meaning of the experiment8. Sharing your learning
One thing to note about our program is that it is not meant to be completed within one yearly session. Rather, ours are meant to be periodic meetings so that constant support can be provided for our participants through every stage and every research area.
Rethinking your INSET?
Ultimately, the key to what our program provides is personalisation for every one of our participants and the learner needs of their specific class. We seek to roll out consistently engaging professional development sessions that lead to real change within the classroom that can be shared with others. Through the recognition of learner needs and the encouragement of intentional classroom experimentation that is based on cognitive science, we believe that our program affects lasting change. The classrooms that our teachers manage see the immediate benefit of our process, and the mindset shift that our participants experience will continue to benefit their future classrooms. Whether you are an individual school rethinking your INSET activities or a Multi-Academy Trust wanting a range of different options, please don't hesitate to get in contact.
To arrange to have an informal and informative conversation with Paul Main, please reach out to him at email@example.com. Additionally, feel free to browse through the program in greater detail by visiting www.structural-learning.com/cpd.