Research Library

These articles are a great starting point for any research, change or policy based project.

Improving Literacy in Key Stage Two

EEF

Good literacy skills provide us with the building blocks not just for academic success, but for fulfilling careers and rewarding lives.

Literacy

Improving Literacy in Secondary Schools

EEF

Young people who leave school without good literacy skills are held back at every stage of life.

Literacy

Three things systems thinkers do

Cabrera Research

Your brain will process information into mental models (organised information that affects how we see the world). Organised stuff becomes useable knowledge.

Schema

Visual thinking strategies = creative and critical thinking

Kappan

The synergy that occurs between creativity and critical thinking allows powerful learning to occur.

Visuals

Making Thinking Visible

Ron Ritchhart

When learners speak, write, or draw their ideas, they deepen their cognition. Project Zero's Visible Thinking approach shows how.

Visuals

Habits of Mind Self Assessment

Unknown

A short reflection activity for children.

Learning behaviours

Habits of Mind

How2s

Traditional settings focus on how many answers a student knows. When we teach for the Habits of Mind, we are interested also in how students behave when they don't know an answer.

Learning behaviours

Life Lessons: Improving essential life skills for young people

The Sutton Trust

Adult life requires a range of skills in order for people to flourish, both in the workplace and in their daily lives, from the confidence and motivation to seek challenges and complete tasks, to the interpersonal skills that aid teamwork and other social interactions.

A.I.

Worldwide Educating For the Future Index

The Economist

The rapid development of digital technology and the globalised nature of economic systems are creating an entirely new set of educational challenges for the world to adapt to.

A.I.

The impact of non-cognitive skills on outcomes for young people

EEF

The term ‘non-cognitive skills’ refers to a set of attitudes, behaviours, and strategies that are thought to underpin success in school and at work, such as motivation, perseverance, and self-control.

Learning behaviours

Hard Thinking About Soft Skills

Guy Claxton and Arthur Costa

Habits like persisting and drawing on past knowledge are some of the most essential dispositions we can teach.

Learning behaviours

The emergence and early development of self regulation in young children

Cambridge University

Metacognitive and self-regulatory abilities are of fundamental significance for children’s general and academic development, and also, that these abilities are highly teachable.

Metacognition

EEF Metacognition Summary

EEF

Metacognition and Self Regulated Learning Summary of recommendations

Metacognition

Dual Coding and Visual

Oliver Caviglioli

People learn better from graphics and words than from words alone... you can help people learn better if you include appropriately designed graphics in instructional presentations.

Visuals

Memory and Meaning

Oliver Caviglioli

Understanding is memory in disguise.

Schema

Dual Coding to Explain Ideas

Oliver Caviglioli

People learn better from graphics and words than from words alone - says Richard E Mayer.

Visuals

Dual Coding to Organise Ideas

Oliver Caviglioli

If we can entertain the notion that ideas are objects, then we have a new way of understanding how to organise them.

Visuals

Collaborative Reasoning: Expanding Ways for Children to Talk and Think in School

Educational Psychology Review

Collaborative Reasoning discussions are intended to create a forum for children to listen to one another think out loud as they learn to engage in reasoned argumentation.

Problem Solving

Collaborative problem-solving and why it matters for learning

Rose Luckin - University College London

Collaborative problem-solving is a key skill for the workplace, and its importance is only likely to grow as further automation takes place.

Problem Solving

Playful Writing

University of Cambridge

Building stories together to inspire young writers: a teacher handbook

Play

Children with better co-ordination more likely to achieve at school

University of Leeds

Young children with better eye-to-hand co-ordination were more likely to achieve higher scores for reading, writing and maths according to new research.

Play

Summary of the benefits of Lego

Various

A short outline of why building bricks are so important.

Play

Back to the basics with six bricks

Brent Hutcheson

Deceptively simple but extremely powerful educational approach.

Play

Blocks: “Standard” Equipment for Today’s Primary Classrooms

Sean Durham

Blocks: Great Learning Tools From Infancy Through the Primary Grades

Play

Low achievers during collaborative problem solving

Department of Educational Psychology and Foundations, University of Northern Iowa

he purpose of this study was to extend this research by examining the influence of additional factors, in particular, achievement goals and comprehension monitoring, on low achieving students’ constructive activity after receiving help from a high achieving peer.

Problem Solving

From Cognitive Load Theory to Collaborative Cognitive Load Theory

Paul Kirschner & John Sweller

We illustrate how and why cognitive load theory, by adding these concepts, can throw light on collaborative learning and generate principles specific to the design and study of collaborative learning.

Problem Solving

Solved! Making the case for collaborative problem-solving

NESTA

The evidence set out in this report confirms a great deal of research which has shown the rising importance of a cluster of skills that are both very ancient, and very relevant to the near future.

Problem Solving

How can we foster creativity in school?

OECD

Andreas Schleicher, Directorate for Education and Skills, OECD addresses an audience in Paris.

Creativity

Teaching Inference

Robert J. Marzano

Thinking and reasoning processes such as problem solving, decision making, and the like have been identified as legitimate and even necessary 21st century skills. Making inferences is the foundation to many higher-level thinking processes.

Critical Thinking

Skill 5: Critical Thinking

Ellen Galinsky and Nicole Gardner

In this issue, Ellen and Nicole discuss the fifth life skill, critical thinking, and offer teachers practical suggestions for promoting this skill in their work with preschoolers.

Critical Thinking

Critical Thinking Concepts and Tools

The Foundation for Critical Thinking

This miniature guide focuses on of the essence of critical thinking concepts and tools distilled into pocket size.

Critical Thinking

How to Teach Critical Thinking

Daniel T. Willingham

Despite consensus on the need for critical thinking, there is still considerable debate over how it is learned and, subsequently, how education can best support students to develop critical thinking capabilities.

Critical Thinking

Durham Commission on Creativity and Education

Durham University

The Commission is a joint research collaboration between Durham University and Arts Council England, convened to look at the role creativity and creative thinking should play in the education of young people.

Creativity